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Junteenth: Emancipation Day!

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Menus & Recipes

The down-home pleasures of soul food no longer have to be off-limits because of excess fat, cholesterol, sugar and salt. Wilbert Jones offers a new look at traditional African-American cuisine and provides contemporary versions of traditional  foods -- all with an emphasis on fresh ingredients, leaner meats, egg whites, less (or no) oil, nonfat dairy products, less sodium and fewer calories.

The following menu is suggested in The New Soul Food Cookbook, ©1996 by Wilbert Jones.

Sunday Dinner

Sweet Potato Biscuits

Fried Green Tomatoes

Smothered Chicken

Soul Food Seasoning

Classic Potato Salad

Jelly Cake

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Junteenth is,  for many African Americans in the South, a day comparable to the Fourth of July for the rest of the nation.  On Juneteenth, southern African Americans take part in parades, music, picnics, baseball games and family reunions to celebrate their freedom from slavery.

We have so many wonderful African-American heritage recipes in our library, we decided to let your make your own choices.  In the celebratory spirit of Juneteenth, here's our  "menu of recipes"  for you to create your own Juneteenth celebration. Feel free to swap recipes between the  two menus and   customize your own Juneteenth Reunion. Credits are included with each individual recipe. 

Juneteenth Reunion

Barbecue Pulled Pork

Better Tastin' Green Beans

Blackberry Cobbler

Chillin' Out Pasta Salad

Fried Okra

Garlic Mashed Potatoes

John's Garlic Rice

Key Lime Pie

Mixed Greens

Louisiana Seasoning Mix

New Orleans Red Beans

Oven-Fried Catfish

Soul Slaw

Sweet Potato Custard

Old Fashioned Bread Pudding With Apple-Raisin Sauce

Southern Spiced Tea

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Editor's Note:
For more soul-full recipes,
visit our Recipe Features Archive and click on

Heritage + Heart = Soul Food

The Harriet Tubman Quilt (See illustration above)

The Harriet Tubman Quilt tapestry (8' x 10') was   made by the History Quilt Club of Sausalito, CA about 70 years ago. It was designed by the architect Ben Irvin, who was concerned that Negro history be known and recognized as a vital part of American life.

The tapestry making venture attracted a dedicated inter-racial group, including migrants recently combing to California from the Deep South, and older citizens who had skills to produce the finest work in needlecraft.

It took approximately 18 months to 2 years to produce each quilt; the group, meeting only when they could afford to spare time to assemble and then dismantle the frame, and by trial and error, formed the faces, eyes, hair, hands, dress, etc., of these great Americans with the simple tools of needle, thread and cloth.

This skill was used to depict Harriet Tubman, in the act of bringing across the state line from slavery to freedom, certain of the 400 slaves she rescued in this way and sent on via the "underground Railroad, to points in the North, the East and Canada.

The owl was the symbol of her wisdom and unerring judgment on the night-trail, travelling through most treacherous territory, with the combined slave holder's offer of $50,000 ransom on her head.  She followed the North Star (prominent in the quilt) and never lost a "passenger" on any of her 19 forays back and forth across the Mason-Dixon line.  The quilt is now in the Robert W. Woodruff Library in the Atlanta University Center.

Source: The Black Family Dinner Quilt Cookbook ~ Health Conscious Recipes & Food Memories, ©1993 by The National Council of Negro Women, Inc.

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Return To Index

Notes On Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers

Leah Chase was born in New Orleans in 1923, and reared in a little town across the lake called Madisonville, Louisiana. She was the top of the line of eleven children and though while growing up, she'd do "anything to keep out of the kitchen," she learned all she knows by watching her mother and sisters whip up the family meals. Most of what the Chase family ate came from the rich variety of vegetables Leah's daddy grew in the family garden.

In 1942, at the age of eighteen, Leah returned to New Orleans and found herself waiting tables in the French Quarter of the city. Not only did Leah love it, she wanted to own and run her own restaurant.  "I didn't intend to do any cooking at first," Leah remembers, "but you see, I had so many ideas in my head about food and what to serve, and I've been in the kitchen ever since."

Her creative cuisine and legendary Creole gumbo made Dooky Chase's, her family-owned restaurant, into a national treasure. She uses her skill and experience to toss together the cultures of the French, the Spanish, a little American Indian and African into her pot.  "You have to put all your love in that pot," says the Master Chef.

Leah attributes the good health of her family to the limited meat in their diet. "We were poor, but my mother never had any sick children because when we were coming up, the beans, the cabbage, and the greens were the mainstay.  We had lots of 'em."

An active member in the community, Leah often cooks up food for housing units and homeless shelters. Her only advice is not to limit your creativity by following any hard rules. "Rules don't no more make a cook than sermons make a saint," she says.

Leah On Family & Food: "There are 160 of us in my immediate family, and believe me, we're family in the best sense. Every year, we have a bang-up family party over at a friend's place in Lacombe. There's baseball, swimming, boating, fishing, water skiing, and of course, good food. Above all, use a variety of herbs and spices instead of salt, and use them often for seasoning. Instead of salt in your greens, add fresh green pepper and basil. When cooking black eyed peas, add Spanish onion and crushed black pepper. Add pepper first, then taste. You'll discover a new, intense flavor in all your main dishes."

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If you ask him what his favorite dish is, Johnny Rivers will tell you it's "whatever I'm preparing at the time," but he wasn't always so enthusiastic about the art of cooking.

Born in 1948, Johnny grew up in Orlando, Florida, where his parents were steering him toward a career in medicine. After briefly studying pre-med at Emory College, Johnny's interests turned toward the culinary arts.  Ever since he was thirteen, he had worked in kitchens part-time. "I found I was pretty good at doing a lot of things with food," Johnny remembers. He also found himself captivated by the "tall chef hats and the clanging of the steel knives. And the rest is history."

He traveled abroad to Europe and later across the States learning the tricks of the trade as he went. He finally settled back in Florida in 1970 and went to work for Walt Disney World Resorts. His talents and achievements as an Executive Chef with Walt Disney have since won him world fame and countless culinary awards and medals.

Today, Johnny devotes much of his time lecturing and conducting seminars around the country as well as helping young people to get started in the art of cooking. He's especially concerned about the poor diet of the Black community. "We grew up through a culture eating a lot of pork and a lot of cheaper cuts of meat," Johnny says. "But now we're coming up on the year 2000 and we don't have any more excuses not to eat right. Black folks need to get serious about their diets and we can do that and have fun with it, too."

Johnny On Family & Food:  "My family life was, and still is, the center of my life. Healthy food was very much a part of growing up. On the Sabbath, when I was a kid, Mom would have the table heaped with good food--vegetable loaves, broccoli casserole, cornbread made with Alabama cornmeal, and fresh fruits.  So, you can see that eating lowfat is not something new.  In fact, eating lowfat takes me back to my childhood.  Today, our family is much larger and we only get together about once a month.  We all gather at my Mom's place--often 50 to 60 people--and each one of us brings a 'covered,' dish.  And we play, joke, and eat well.  It's important, I think, to pass on family celebrations and traditions to our kids.  Now, with more knowledge about healthy eating, we know we will be protecting their health."

Source: Down Home Healthy, Family Recipes of Black American Chefs
Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers, National Cancer Institute,
NIH Publication No. 94-3408, April 1994.

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Hand-Me-Down-Genes

You may not know it, but African Americans and other ethnic populations, such as American Indians and Latinos, are at a greater risk of developing diabetes.  Researchers believe this may be because some ethnic groups have "thrifty genes" that helped them survive as hunters and gatherers when food was scarce. 

Now that food is plentiful and most people don't get enough exercise, these same genetic factors increase the risk of obesity, high blood pressure--and Type 2 diabetes.  This is especially true for black women.  One study has shown that 15 percent of black women and 11 percent of black men have diabetes, as compared to 7 percent of white women and 7 percent of white men. Whatever the cause, the facts indicate that if you're African American, your chances of having diabetes are probably greater than you'd like.

If someone in your family has diabetes, either Type 1 or Type 2, there's a greater chance that you can develop the disease as well.  But don't worry, just because it runs in the family doesn't mean that you're destined to get blood sugar woes.  It just means that living a healthy lifestyle is even more important for you. By keeping your weight under control and getting plenty of exercise, you drastically reduce your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Source: At Home With Gladys Knight, by Gladys Knight with Abe Ogden, ©2001 by American Diabetes Association, Inc.

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Featured Links
from the American
Diabetes Association

Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.

Diabetes Forecast Live!

http://www.blackand
brownsugar.com

EBONY Magazine Online

Hebni Nutrition
Consultants, Inc.

HealthQuest Magazine

Africansisters.com
http://www.africansisters.com

Allaboutblackhealth.com
http://www.allabout
blackhealth.com

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority

American Baptist Churches

Amputee Coalition of America
http://www.amputee-
coalition.org

Association of Black Psychologists
http://www.abpsi.org

Baptist General Convention
of Texas
http://www.bgct.org

Blackgirl International

Blackwomenshealth.com
http://www.blackwomens
health.com

Blacks in Government, Inc.
http://www.bignet.org

Center for the Study of Race
& Ethnicity in Medicine
http://www.wisc.edu/crem

Cross Cultural Health Care
Program
http://www.xculture.org

Essence
http://www.essence.com

National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
http://www.naacp.org

National Black Child
Development Institute
http://www.nbcdi.org

National Black Nurse's
Association, Inc.
http://www.nbna.org

National Urban League
http://www.nul.org

Office of Minority Health
Resource Center
http://www.omhrc.gov

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc.
Personal Website of National
Leader, Election Expert
& Community Activist
http://afamerica.com/sigma

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc.,
Eastern Region
http://www.pbseast.org

Urban HealthCast
http://urbanhealthcast.com

Urban Institute
http://www.urban.org

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Return To Index

     On June 19, 1865, Major General Gordon Granger stood on the balcony of Ashton Villa in Galveston, Texas, and read a special order from President Abraham Lincoln:

The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and free laborer.  The freedmen are advised to remain at their present homes and work for wages.  They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts, and they will not be supported in idleness, either there or elsewhere.

     Instantly, June 19, or Juneteenth for short, became a day of celebration and family reunions in Texas.

     President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.  It seems hard to believe that it took two-and-a-half years for the news to reach Texas.  An old folktale explains that President Lincoln sent the news from Washington by a Union soldier who rode all the way on a slow-moving mule.  According to some historians, many slave owners in Texas were aware of the Emancipation Proclamation but refused to tell their slaves about it.

     Juneteenth was celebrated in Texas until the late 1960s and early 1970s.  The civil rights movement seemed to overshadow the holiday.  But in the late 1970s, Juneteenth became a popular holiday again, and the tradition began to spread beyond the borders of Texas.

Source: Ideas for Entertaining from the African-American Kitchen, ©1997 by Angela Shelf-Medearis.

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SWEET POTATO BISCUITS
These biscuits can be eaten with a little
reduced-fat margarine or fruit spreads.

Nonstick cooking spray
2 cups all-purpose flour
2 tsp baking powder
1 Tbsp granulated sugar
1/4 tsp salt
1 Tbsp reduced-fat margarine
1 cup mashed sweet potato
1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
1/2 tsp grated nutmeg
1 cup skim milk
1 egg white

     Preheat oven to 400°F.   Lightly coat a baking sheet with nonstick cooking spray.

     Using an electric mixer, combine the flour, baking powder, sugar, salt, and margarine.  Then, slowly mix in the sweet potatoes, cinnamon, nutmeg, and milk.  Stir in the egg white.

     On a lightly floured board, roll the dough out to 1/2-inch thickness.  Using a biscuit cutter, cut the dough into 2-inch circles and place them on the baking sheet.  Bake about 25 minutes or until they are firm in the center. Makes about 14 Biscuits.

Per Biscuit: 100 Cal; <1 g Total Fat; 20 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 290 mg Sodium; 3 g Protein.  Exchanges: 1 Starch.

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FRIED GREEN TOMATOES
A few dashes of Louisiana Hot Sauce can be used instead of lemon juice to give these fried green tomatoes a spicier flavor.

6 large green tomatoes (about 3 pounds)
2 Tbsp lemon juice (or a few dashes of hot sauce)
1/2 cup cornmeal
2 tsp freshly ground black pepper
nonstick cooking spray

     Slice each tomato into 1/2-inch thick slices. Sprinkle the lemon juice or ht sauce on the tomatoes.  Mix the cornmeal and black pepper in a plastic bag.  Put tomato slices into the bag and shake well.

     Coat a cast-iron skillet or nonstick sauté pan with nonstick cooking spray.  Fry the tomatoes, over medium-high heat, until they are light brown on each side.  Makes 4 Servings.

Per Serving: 105 Cal; 2 g Total Fat; 22 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 22 mg Sodium; 3 g Protein.  Exchanges: 1 Starch; 1 Veg.

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CLASSIC POTATO SALAD
A bowl of potato salad is traditionally on the menu for special
summer meals. This recipe can be prepared in larger
quantities by doubling or tripling the ingredients.

3 cups white potatoes, peeled, cooked and cut into 1-inch cubes
1/2 cup chopped celery
1/4 cup sweet pickle relish
1/4 cup sliced scallions (green onions)
1 Tbsp balsamic vinegar
1 Tbsp finely chopped fresh dill
1-1/2 tsp Dijon mustard
1/2 tsp ground white pepper

     In a large bowl, combine all the ingredients, mixing well.  Chill in the refrigerator for at least 2 hours, to allow flavors to develop, before serving. Makes 4 Servings.

Per Serving: 180 Cal; <1 g Total Fat; 43 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 199 mg Sodium; 4 g Protein.  Exchanges: 3 Starch.

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SMOTHERED CHICKEN
This recipe can also be served with mashed potatoes.

nonstick cooking spray
3 Tbsp flour
1/2 cup chopped onion
1 Tbsp chopped fresh garlic
1/2 tsp celery seeds
1 Tbsp Soul Food Seasoning (recipe follows)
1 tsp freshly ground black pepper
2 cups water
1-1/2 pounds skinless, boneless chicken breasts

     Thoroughly mix the flour with about four (4) tablespoons of water to make a thin sauce.  In a nonstick skillet coated with nonstick cooking spray, heat the flour mixture over medium-low heat, stirring continuously for about 10 minutes or until a smooth sauce is formed (add more water if necessary).

     Stir in the onion, garlic, celery seeds, Soul Food Seasoning, black pepper, and two cups of water. Add the chicken.  Cover and simmer for about 45 minutes, or until the chicken is cooked all the way through.   Makes 6 Servings.

Per Serving: 160 Cal; 3 g Total Fat; 7 g Carb; 81 mg Cholesterol; 40 mg Sodium; 26 g Protein.  Exchanges: 4 Very Lean Meat;
1/2 Fat.

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SOUL FOOD SEASONING
If you want to keep a greater quantity of this useful seasoning
on hand, simply double or triple the quantities.

2 Tbsp ground red pepper flakes
2 Tbsp garlic powder
2 Tbsp onion powder
2 Tbsp dark chili powder
1 Tbsp paprika
1 tsp thyme powder
1 tsp freshly ground black pepper

     Mix all the ingredients together.  Store in a sealed container.  Makes about 3/4 cup.

Per (1/2 Tsp) Serving: 4 Cal; <1 g Total Fat; 1 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 3 mg Sodium; 00 mg Protein.  Exchanges: FREE.

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JELLY CAKE
A jelly cake certainly isn't a high-style dessert, but it's an
old traditional delight that always seems to make a
regal finish to a good soul food dinner
.

1 cup sugar
1/2 cup mashed banana
2-1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1 tsp baking powder
2 tsp vanilla extract
6 egg whites
nonstick cooking spray
1/2 cup all-natural raspberry preserves (no sugar added)

     Preheat oven to 350°F.   Spray a 10-inch tube pan with nonstick cooking spray, if using a nonstick pan; set aside.

     In a large bowl, cream the sugar and banana with an electric mixer.  Then, slowly mix in the flour, baking powder and vanilla extract.  Mix in the egg whites, one at a time.

     Pour the cake batter into a nonstick or prepared 10-inch tube pan.  Bake about 1 hour or until a toothpick inserted in center comes out clean. Let cook for 20 minutes on rack, then remove the cake from the pan.

     In a saucepan, over low heat, heat the preserves until melted enough to pour, stirring constantly, about one minute.   Drizzle the preserves over the cake and serve.  Makes 12 Servings.

Per Serving: 210 Cal; <1 g Total Fat; 47 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 57 mg Sodium; 4 g Protein.  Exchanges: 3 Starch.

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NEW ORLEANS RED BEANS
According to Chef Leah Chase, "Monday was laundry day in our house. Laundry day meant red beans and rice to us because we let them cook all day as we washed and starched and dried and ironed the family clothes. We had plenty of thyme in the garden, so we used lots of that. What we didn't know then was just how healthy our Monday dinners were." Recipe from Down Home Healthy, Family Recipes of Black American Chefs Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers,
National Cancer Institute,  NIH Publication No. 94-3408, April 1994.

1 pound dry red beans
2 quarts water
1-1/2 cups chopped onion
1 cup chopped celery
4 bay leaves
1 cup chopped sweet green pepper
3 Tbsp chopped garlic
3 Tbsp chopped parsley
2 tsp dried thyme, crushed
1 tsp salt
1 tsp black pepper

     Pick through beans to remove bad beans; rinse thoroughly.  In a 5-quart pot combine beans, water, onion, celery, and bay leaves. Bring to boiling; reduce heat.  Cover and cook over low heat for about 1-1/2 hours or until beans are tender.  Stir and mash beans against side of pan.

     Add green pepper, garlic, parsley, thyme, salt and black pepper.  Cook, uncovered, over low heat until creamy, about 30 minutes.   Remove bay leaves. Serve over hot cooked brown rice, if desired. Make 8 Servings.

Per Serving (without rice): 171 Cal; <1 g Total Fat; 32 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 285 mg Sodium; 7 g Dietary Fiber; 10 g Protein.  Exchanges: 1-1/2 Starch; 2 Veg; 1 Very Lean Meat.

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MIXED GREENS
This recipe was included as an accompaniment in Leah Chase's
menu featuring  New Orleans Red Beans. Recipe from Down Home Healthy, Family Recipes of Black American Chefs
Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers,
National Cancer Institute,
NIH Publication No. 94-3408, April 1994.

2 bunches mustard greens or kale
2 bunches turnip greens
pepper to taste (optional)
1 tsp salt, or to taste (optional)

     Rinse greens well, removing stems.  In a large pot of boiling water cook greens rapidly, covered, over medium heat for about 25 minutes or until tender.  Serve with some of the pot liquor.  If desired, cut greens in pan with a sharp knife and kitchen fork before serving.  Makes 8 Servings.

Kitchen Tip: If desired, add 2 Tbsp of lean cooked ham, Canadian bacon, or split turkey thighs to greens before serving.  Remember however, this will increase calorie, sodium and fat content.

Per Serving (greens only): 18 Cal; 00 g Total Fat; 3 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 153 mg Sodium; 2 g Dietary Fiber; 1 g Protein.  Exchanges: FREE.

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OVEN-FRIED CATFISH
Ruby says: "Southern eating wouldn't be the same without the delectable presence of this scavenger fish.  Catfish is traditionally deep-fried, but oven-fried catfish retains the deep-fried taste without all the excess fat!"   Recipe from Ruby's Low-Fat Soul Food
Cookbook
, ©1996 by Ruby Banks-Payne.

3 pounds catfish
Nonstick cooking spray
1/4 cup fine yellow cornmeal
2 Tbsp Louisiana Seasoning Mix (recipe follows)
4 egg whites (or 1/2 cup cholesterol-free egg substitute)
1 cup plain nonfat  yogurt

     Preheat oven to 350°F.   Wash fish thoroughly and cut into pieces.

     Coat a heavy baking pan with nonstick cooking spray; heat over medium heat.

     In a small bowl, combine cornmeal and Louisiana Seasoning Mix.  Transfer to a large plate and set aside.

     In another bowl, beat egg whites and blend with yogurt.  Dip fish into egg mixture, then coat on both sides with cornmeal mixture.   Arrange fish on baking pan; spray top of each piece with cooking spray.  Bake 12 minutes, turn, and bake an additional 12 minutes.   Thoroughly cooked fish should be flaky, not mushy.  Makes 8 Servings.

Per Serving:  271 Cal; 13 g Total Fat: 6 g Carb; 80 mg Cholesterol; 141 mg Sodium; 30 g Protein.  Exchanges: 4 Very Lean Meat; 3 Fat.

LOUISIANA SEASONING MIX
Recipe from Ruby's Low-Fat Soul Food
Cookbook
, ©1996 by Ruby Banks-Payne.

1-1/2 Tbsp paprika
1-1/2 Tbsp dried thyme
1 Tbsp dried basil
1 Tbsp dried oregano
1/2 tsp cayenne
1/4 tsp black pepper
1 tsp garlic powder
1 bay leaf

     Place all ingredients in a blender and grind until well blended.  Use wherever Cajun or Creole seasoning mix is called for in a recipe.  Makes about 1/4 cup (1 tsp per serving).

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BARBECUE PULLED PORK
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes,
by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

1 pound boneless pork tenderloin
1/2 tsp pepper
1/4 tsp red pepper flakes
1 Tbsp canola oil
1 cup diced onion
2 cloves garlic, minced
1/2 cup barbecue sauce
1/4 cup catsup
1/4 cup water
1 tsp vinegar

     Heat oven to 350°F.  Sear the whole tenderloin on all sides in a hot, nonstick skillet.  Remove from the heat and season with the pepper and red pepper flakes.

     Cover the tenderloin with foil and bake for 25 minutes.  Heat the oil in a medium saucepan and sauté the onion and garlic for 5 minutes.

     Add the barbecue sauce, catsup, water, and vinegar. Simmer for 10 minutes. Shred the pork with 2 forks.  Add the pulled pork to the sauce.  Serve on buns.  Makes 4 Servings.

Per Serving (without bun): 230 Cal; 8 g Total Fat (00 g Sat Fat); 13 g Carb; 65 mg Cholesterol; 482 mg Sodium; 25 g Protein; 1 g Fiber.  Exchanges: 1 Carb; 3 Lean Meat; 2 Fat.

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BETTER TASTIN' GREEN BEANS
Recipe from The Black Family Dinner Quilt Cookbook ~ Health Conscious Recipes & Food Memories,
©1993 by The National Council of Negro Women, Inc.

1 pound green beans, trimmed
1 whole Spanish onion, chopped
2 slices turkey bacon, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
1 Tbsp salt-free vegetable seasoning blend, i.e., Mrs. Dash®
1 Tbsp lemon pepper seasoning

     Fill large saucepan one-fourth (1/4) full with water

     Add green beans, onion, bacon, vegetable seasoning blend and lemon pepper.  Cover.  Cook on medium low heat until tender.   Serve hot.  Makes 6 Servings.

Per Serving: 40 Cal; 1 g Total Fat; 8 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 70 mg Sodium; 3 g Protein.  Exchanges: 2 Veg.

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GARLIC MASHED POTATOES
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes,
by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

4 medium potatoes, peeled and cubed
7 cloves garlic, minced
1/3 cup fat-free (skim) milk, heated
1/4 cup fat-free sour cream
2 Tbsp reduced-fat margarine
Salt to taste (optional)
Pepper to taste (optional)

     Boil the potatoes over medium heat until tender and drain them.

     Add the garlic and mash the potatoes.  Add the milk, sour cream, margarine, salt, and pepper and mix well until smooth.  Makes 6 Servings.

Per (1/2-cup) Serving: 99 Cal; 2 g Total Fat; 18 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 61 mg Sodium; 3 g Protein; 1 g Dietary Fiber.  Exchanges: 1 Starch; 1/2 Fat.

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CHILLIN' OUT PASTA SALAD
A favorite "covered dish" of Chef Johnny Rivers (see sidebar comments). Recipe from Down Home Healthy, Family Recipes of  Black American Chefs Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers, National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 94-3408, April 1994.

8 ounces (2-1/2 cups) medium shell pasta
1 (8-ounce) carton (1 cup) plain, nonfat yogurt
2 Tbsp spicy brown mustard
2 Tbsp salt-free herb seasoning
1-1/2 cups chopped celery
1 cup sliced green onion
1 pound cooked small shrimp
3 cups (about 3 large) coarsely chopped tomatoes

     Cook pasta according to package directions.   Drain; cool.

     In a large bowl, stir together yogurt, mustard, and herb seasoning. Add pasta, celery and green onion; mix well.  Chill at least 2 hours. 

     Just before serving, carefully stir in shrimp and tomatoes.  Makes 12 Servings.

Per Serving: 140 Cal; 1 g Total Fat; 19 g Carb; 60 mg Cholesterol; 135 mg Sodium; 1 g Dietary Fiber; 14 g Protein.  Exchanges: 1 Starch; 2 Very Lean Meat.

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FRIED OKRA
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes,
by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

1 pound fresh okra
1 cup egg substitute
1/8 tsp salt
2 Tbsp water
1 cup yellow cornmeal
1/4 cup canola oil
Salt to taste (optional)
Pepper to taste (optional)

     Wash the okra, trim the ends, and cut each piece in half. Beat egg substitute, salt and water together.  Dip the okra into the egg mixture and roll in the cornmeal to coat.

     Heat the oil in a medium skillet until hot. Fry okra until brown, about 10 to 15 minutes. Season with salt and pepper to taste.   Makes 6 Servings.

Per (1/2-cup) Serving: 244 Cal; 13 g Total Fat (00 g Sat Fat);
24 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 126 mg Sodium; 8 g Protein; 3 g Dietary Fiber. Exchanges: 1-1/2 Starch; 1 Veg; 2 Monounsaturated Fat.

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JOHN'S GARLIC RICE
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes
, by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

2 Tbsp reduced-fat margarine
2 Tbsp minced garlic
2 cups long-grain rice
4 cups reduced-sodium, reduced-fat chicken broth
Salt to taste (optional)
Pepper to taste (optional)

     Heat the margarine in a large skillet and sauté the garlic and rice, stirring constantly, until lightly brown.

     Add the chicken broth, salt, and pepper and stir.   Bring to a boil, then reduce heat to simmer, cover, and cook for 20 minutes.   Makes 8 Servings.

Per (1/2-cup) Serving: 192 Cal; 2 g Total Fat (00 g Sat Fat); 38 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 301 mg Sodium; 4 g Protein; 1 g Dietary Fiber. Exchanges: 2-1/2 Starch.

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SOUL SLAW
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes
, by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

1/2 cup reduced-fat mayonnaise
1/2 cup plain fat-free yogurt
1/4 cup apple cider vinegar
2 tsp sugar
2 Tbsp Dijon mustard
1/8 tsp salt
1 tsp celery seeds
Pepper to taste
1 large head green cabbage, julienned (about 8-10 cups)
2 medium raw carrots, grated

     Combine the mayonnaise, yogurt, vinegar, sugar, mustard, salt, celery seeds, and pepper in a small bowl and mix well.

     Combine the cabbage and carrots in a large bowl. Add the dressing, toss well, and refrigerate for at least 1 hour before serving.   Makes 8 Servings.

Per Serving: 108 Cal; 5 g Total Fat (1 g Sat Fat); 14 g Carb; 6 mg Cholesterol; 216 mg Sodium; 4 g Dietary Fiber; 3 g Protein. Exchanges: 3 Veg; 1 Fat.

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SWEET POTATO CUSTARD
Chef Johnny Rivers says, "Vegetables are so versatile. You'll se what I mean when you try this sweet potato custard." Recipe from Down Home Healthy, Family Recipes of Black American Chefs Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers, National Cancer Institute,
NIH Publication No. 94-3408, April 1994.

1 cup mashed cooked sweet potato
1/2 cup mashed banana (about 2 small)
1 cup evaporated skim milk
2 Tbsp packed brown sugar
2 beaten egg yolks (or 1/3 cup egg substitute)*
1/2 tsp salt
1/4 cup raisins
1 Tbsp sugar
1 tsp ground cinnamon
Nonstick spray coating

*Note: If made with egg substitute, the cholesterol will be lower.

     In a medium bowl, stir together sweet potato and banana.  Add milk, blending well.  Add brown sugar, egg yolks or egg substitute, and salt, mixing thoroughly.

     Spray a 1-quart casserole with nonstick spray coating. Transfer sweet potato mixture to casserole.

     Combine raisins, sugar, and cinnamon; sprinkle over top of sweet potato mixture.  Bake in a preheated 300°F oven for 45 to 50 minutes, or until a knife inserted near center comes out clean.  Makes 6 Servings.

Per Serving: 144 Cal; 2 g Total Fat (1 g Sat Fat); 20 g Carb; 92 mg Cholesterol; 235 mg Sodium; 1.5 g Dietary Fiber; 6 g Protein.  Exchanges: 1 Starch; 1/2 Fruit.

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OLD FASHIONED BREAD PUDDING WITH
APPLE-RAISIN SAUCE

Chef Leah Chase says, "I make my bread pudding without butter and with evaporated skim milk and egg whites now. Same rich taste, fewer calories and next to no fat. For a delicious sauce, mix cornstarch with a little water and stir it into the hot milk, sugar and seasonings mixture. You don't have to use the traditional butter and flour." Recipe from Down Home Healthy, Family Recipes of Black American Chefs Leah Chase and Johnny Rivers, National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 94-3408, April 1994.

Bread Pudding:

10 slices whole wheat bread
1 egg
3 egg whites
1-1/2 cups skim milk
1/4 cup sugar
1/4  cup brown sugar
1 tsp vanilla extract
1/2 tsp cinnamon
1/4 tsp nutmeg
1/4 tsp cloves
2 tsp sugar

Apple-Raisin Sauce:

1-1/4 cups apple juice
1/2 cup apple butter
2 Tbsp molasses
1/2 cup raisins
1/4 tsp ground cinnamon
1/4 tsp ground nutmeg
1/2 tsp orange zest (optional)

     To prepare Bread Pudding:

     Preheat oven to 350°F. Spray an 8- x 8-inch baking dish with vegetable spray.

     Lay the slices of bread in the baking dish in two rows, overlapping them like shingles. In a medium mixing bowl, beat together the egg, egg whites, milk, 1/4 cup sugar, the brown sugar and vanilla.  Pour the egg mixture over the bread.

     In a small bowl, stir together the cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves and 2 tsp sugar. Sprinkle the spiced sugar over the bread pudding.   Bake the pudding for 30 to 35 minutes, or until it has browned on top and is firm to the touch.  Serve warm or at room temperature, with warm Apple-Raisin Sauce. Makes 9 Servings.

     To prepare Apple-Raisin Sauce:

     Stir all the ingredients together in a medium saucepan. Bring to a simmer over low heat. Let the sauce simmer 5 minutes. Serve warm. Makes 2 Cups.

Per Serving: 233 Cal; 3 g Total Fat (1 g Sat Fat); 46 g Carb; 24 mg Cholesterol; 252 mg Sodium; 7 g Protein; 3 g Dietary Fiber. Exchanges: 2-1/2 Starch; 1/2 Fruit; 1/2 Fat.

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KEY LIME PIE
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes
, by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

1-3/4 cups cracker crumbs
4 Tbsp reduced-fat margarine
3 eggs, separated
1 (12-ounce) can evaporated fat-free (skim) milk
1 Tbsp cornstarch
1/3 cup sugar
1/3 cup fresh key lime juice
3 drops green food coloring
1/4 cup sugar

     Preheat the oven to 350°F.

     Combine the graham cracker crumbs and margarine in a medium bowl and cut to mix. Press into a 9-inch pie pan and bake for 7 to 10 minutes, or until browned.

     Combine egg yolks, milk, cornstarch, and 1/3 cup sugar in a saucepan. Cook over medium heat, bringing the mixture to a boil. Remove from the heat and add the lime juice and the food coloring. Pour the mixture into the crust.

     Beat the egg whites with a mixer until peaks form.  Add 1/4 cup sugar and beat until stiff.

     Spoon the meringue over the filling and bake until the edges are lightly brown, about 2 to 3 minutes. Cool before serving.  Makes 8 Servings.

Per Serving: 222 Cal; 6 g Total Fat (2 g Sat Fat); 35 g Carb; 82 mg Cholesterol; 224 mg Sodium; 7 g Protein.  Exchanges: 2-1/2 Carb;
1 Fat.

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BLACKBERRY COBBLER
This delicious recipe is from Ruby's Low-Fat Soul Food
Cookbook
, ©1996 by Ruby Banks-Payne.

1 cup all-purpose flour
Dash salt
1 tsp baking powder
2 tsp butter
2 Tbsp fat-free sour cream
1/4 cup skim milk
Nonstick cooking spray
5 cups fresh blackberries
1/2 cup sugar

     In a large bowl, stir together flour, salt, and baking powder. Blend butter and sour cream together in a small bowl.  Add to flour mixture, and slowly stir in milk.  Transfer dough to a lightly floured board, and knead until smooth but not sticky.  Roll out dough to 1/4-inch thickness.

     Preheat oven to 425°F.   Spray a 9- x 13-inch glass baking dish with cooking spray.  Arrange blackberries in baking dish.  Sprinkle with sugar. 

     Cut dough into 1-inch-wide strips and arrange on top of blackberries at 1/4-inch intervals in a criss-cross pattern. Bake for 30 to 40 minutes or until blackberries begin to bubble and dough is golden brown.   Makes 6 Servings.

Ed. Note: These are very generous servings, and a smaller serving size will serve 12 from this recipe. If you choose to make 12 servings, cut the following analysis and exchanges in half per serving.

Per Serving (based on 6 Servings): 219 Cal; 2 g Total Fat;  49 g Carb; 4 mg Cholesterol; 75 mg Sodium; 4 g Protein. Exchanges:
2 Starch; 1 Fruit.

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SOUTHERN SPICED TEA
Recipe from The New Soul Food Cookbook for People
With Diabetes,
by Fabiola Demps Gaines and Roniece Weaver,
©1999 by the American Diabetes Association, Inc.

6 cups boiling water
3 Tbsp black tea
1 cinnamon stick
1 cup orange juice
2 Tbsp lemon juice
1/2 cup sugar

     Pour the boiling water over the tea and cinnamon.  Steep for 10 minutes.  Strain the tea and add the remaining ingredients.  The tea can be served hot or cold.  Makes 8 Servings.

Per (1-cup) Serving: 63 Cal; 00 g Total Fat; 16 g Carb; 00 mg Cholesterol; 1 mg Sodium; 16 g Sugars.  Exchanges: 1 Carb.

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